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Ҵ ҧҫ ͡ʹآ
ٻ͹Ҵ ҧҫ
     ͧǢͧҴ ҧҫ (Yamada Nagamasa) 鹤觨ҵ蹵Ǥ鹤ͧǡѹͻҳ ҹͧ ͧ¹ѹҹҹͧ㹭蹹¹ Tenjiku Tokubei .. ǭʹ㨻ѵԢͧҴҡѹҡ 㹾Ǵâͧҡ Шҧ ͧͧҴҷн¹´ ѧá׹ѹ֧ʶҹԴͧҴ Ҵͧ ҳѹҴҨѺҪõѪ稾͡ҷö
     ԧ ҤҢµԴͤҢ¡ѹѧҪ 鹵Ѻ˹⪡ع֧ѡ Ѻŧѹ Ҥ .. ҡҺžҷç繩Ѻá ͷŢͻ׹˭ҡ еҾҡا蹡͡С͹حҵҤҢ¢ͧ令Ң㹻ȭ
     ҧáѡҹʴ 蹴Թҷç Ҵյ˹٧ Ф繵ǵ駵ǵ㹡觷ٵá仭 .. բعԪԵѵ Тع԰ 繷ٵӷžҪ Ҵͧ˹ѧ件֧⵩ԡѴ դ ·ٵԭؾóҪ칢ͧҡاظ ԭҧҪյ;ҡا Щй鹢ͷҹ繸Ъͷٵ ѧöͨЪ зٵ 繭Ѻ ⵡԹؔ ©Ѻŧѹ Ҥ ֧Ҥзٵ͡ҡͧ͹
͡ʹآ (Ҵ ҧҫ)
     ѵͧҴҹ ǡѹ§ͧعҧ˹㹭 ͧ·Ӥդͺҧ (繨Ъ㹡ʧ¤) 㹨˵غҧҺôѡá繢ع (Khun Chaijasun) Ҩ֧͡ʹآ˹ҭ¹ д٨繷ç㨢ͧعҧҡ˵آͧѹԵ Ƕ֧˵ءó͹ҾҡִӹҨҡ稾ɰҸҪ ¡ҷԵǧ վЪѹ§ Ǻ 鹤ͧҪ᷹ 繡áѹҹԹҪǤ 㹵͹Ҿҡпѧͧ͡ʹآҨդԴҧúҧǡѺ͡駼ͧҪѵ ͧǵ͹ա㹻ЪǴҤ Т͵Ѵ͹ҹѡ͹˹觴ѧ
          鹤׹ѹ˹͹״ ֧Ѻ͡ҾФѧҡѹŧѧҹ͡ʹآͧ բҷʵԴ仴 Ҿҡ繷֡ ҪҳҨѡ÷дçվҡѵçѡѡҹ ǹҪ͹تҢͧʴä ǹѧç 鹨ѭԭʴ稢鹤ͺͧҪѵ çҨҹͧ ´·ѹçӹҨ˭蹹 ҡѵç ͡ʹآҤäѴ͡عҧ˭褹㴤˹觢繾蹴Թ 駡仪Ǥǡ͹ ;ͧçԭվЪäͺͧҪѵ ֧ͺҪѵ׺"
     ͡ʹآ ѧ¤Ҿҡ蹹鹡Ҩ֧ͺ Ҷ֧Ǩ繨еͧ͡عҧ˭褹㴤˹ ͵駢繾蹴Թ駡Ǩռ͡Ҿҡ蹤 Ҿҡ繷ҪС 繢عҧ˭ӹҨ٧شռ㴷
仡 ͡Ҿҡ鹻ЪҪբͤ ŷ駨㨡ѹӹҨѹԪͺ ҾҡФͺͧҹͧ»Ȩҡآҭ ա˹觶͡駢عҧ蹢 ç Ͷ֧ǷͧçԭվЪԧҪѵ 鹡ִҪѵ繢ͧ¤׹ ͹Ѻ˵ѵǧͧҡاظ٭ ͹觤֡ҾҪ觾йظҶ֧ ͧ ١ҵԴ ѹ˵ԴúҦҿѹѹҧ˭ Щйҹ֧ôԨѴúҹͧʧҺҺ ѭԭʴ稾Ҫ͹تҢͧҡاظҷѧçЪ鹤ͺͧҪѵԵ ǹҾҡ繼Ҫ蹴Թ Ҿҡ繼դöҨѺҪ˹ҷ֡ͧ͢ҡѵ ŤШѴҧºẺἹͧҹͧ Թº
     ͡ҡ͡ʹآѧա 㹾йظ ѧբѵǧԷ׺ҪѵҺ ͡ʹآФ¢ѴҧҪѵѹҴ
     ͧҹ ͡ʹآ繤Ӥѭ˹觷 Ҿҡзáѧç 㹷شҾҡͧӵ͡ʹآй ͡ʨСӨѴ 礹ҾҡçҨ繼Ѵҧ §ͧҹ鹤 ͡ҨѡաѺ͡ʹآ Ѻ͡ҨѡաӨѴ§͡غ¡ҺžҷԵǧ ͡Ҩѡ繵˵طɰҶ١ŧЪҹ ͡Ҩѡա١ѺҤѧ ͡ʻ 觷͡ʹآҢͧ͡ҨѡբѴͧҡ
     ҧá ҾҡФСӨѴ͡ʹآ ͡ӨѴԴ оǡͧͧ͡ʹآҡ ҷҧӨѴҧ 紷蹴ԹվСѺͧոҪ ѧاظ ҹͧáѧúѺǡѹ Ҿҡǧ˹ѧͧá ͧҾҡ§ͧ繡 觵͡ʹآŧ᷹ͧҾǡ ҧҨͧСͺõ
     ͡ʹآ件֧ͧáѴûҺ˹Ӥѭ ͧ¤ Ѻͧҹѧ§繷֡ ͨѴúҹͧºǡ§ҹѧاظ ·ѧҾҡ繡ѵçй һҷͧ һҷͧͷçҺ§ҹͧ͡ʹآ Ҿҹá駷Թ Ҫҹ˭ԧ˹觫觡Ҫͨѹ ੾ ѧѹѺآ ѨҪҤҪԵ¡͹
     ˵觤¢ͧ͡ʹآ ͧͧѹԵ ˹͡ʹآ͡任Һǡѵҹշ͡áԺ ж١ظҴ纷ҧ ͡Ե͹تҢͧһҷͧ ҺӺѴ纻Ǵз áѺçѹ ҷ͡Եᴧķ͡ʹآ֧ ͧ
     ͧ͡ʹآ֧͹Ԩ ջѭҷѧ赡ŧѹҵ´áѹ ҧҨѹ繼ҧҾ ҧҵµ ҧҾ ҧһҾŧ ҡѹ
     ѵԢͧ͡ʹآ ҡպصê¤˹ ͡ʹآ֧͹Ԩ صê 駵᷹ͧԴ յ˹͡عʹآ ͨԧ辺㹨˵ 㹺Фͧ óͧҴ ҧД ͧء Ҫ͹ҧ⵪ 觧ҹѺ١ͧҪ ҹ ǹ͡ʹآͶ֧͹Ԩ§ ҹͧ ˹ѧͻѵͧ͢ؤӤѭҶ֧͹Ԩ .. (.. )


.¹. ǵҧҵ㹻ѵʵ. ا෾ : ѳԵþ, .

Yamada Nagamasa, Okya Sena Phimuk

Thai people were just interested in Mr. Yamada Nagamasas biography 40 50 years ago, but the Japanese have written and publicized his biography for a long time. The information about Mr. Yamada Nagamasa was publicized in Japan by a writer, Mr. Tenjiku Tokubei in 1707. Japanese people have been much interested in Yamada for a long time. On the contrary, his story was mentioned shortly in Thai chronicles. Even the western writers, they did not write about him delicately. His birth place has not been confirmed, and no one knows when he came to Thailand. It was estimated that he had firstly worked for the Thai government since the reign of King Ekathosarot.

Actually, before that the Japanese came to trade with Thai people unofficially. Later, Iyeyasu a Shogun firstly sent a letter dated 22 October 1606 to King Songtham to ask for cannons and mai-hom (a kind of nice-smelled wood). After that the Japanese Emperor granted announcement and allowed Thai junks to go for trading in Japan.

However, some foundation said that Yamada already had a high rank in the reign of King Songtham, and he was the first person who suggested sending a group of goodwill envoys to Japan in 1621. The royal envoys bringing the letter to the Emperor were Khun Phichitsombat and Khun Prasert. Yamada also sent a letter to Doitoshikatsu saying The Thai royal envoys have brought the Royal Message from the King of Ayutthaya to present his friendly relations to the Japanese Emperor. Therefore, I would like to ask you to help the envoys in all the affairs as much as you can. In the group, there are 2 royal envoys, and 1 interpreter named Itokindeyu. The letter was dated 13 May 1621. So it was estimated that the group of envoys left Thailand in May 1621.

Okya Sena Phimuk (Yamada Nagamasa)

It was mentioned that initially, Yamada was only a stretcher carrier of a Japanese nobleman. When he went to Thailad, he did a lot of merits (Might have helped in wars). It was said in some chronicles that he initially got the title of Khun Chaijasun, and afterwards, he was promoted to the title of Okya Sena Phimuk, the leader of the Japanese in Thailand of the time. According to Wanwalits chronicle, a lot of Thai noblemen feared to approach him. For example, the incident when Chao Phraya Kalahom seized the power from King Chetthathirat, and promoted Prince Athitayawong, only 10 years old, to the throne. In order to prevent the rumor, Chao Phraya Kalahom also wanted to listen to Okya Sena Phimuks opinions about what he thought on electing the new king. This account was said in the chronicle part 20; an extract was said as follows:

One night in wanning moon, Okya Phrakhrang and one of his followers went to Okya Sena Phimuks residence by boat without accompanying by any other followers. Chao Phraya Kalahom said in consultation that an empire could not sustain without the control of a king. The king who passed away had younger borthers who were still very young. If one was invited to go to the throne, it would be dangerous to the country. It was a pity that this powerful country would have the very young king. Therefore, Okya Sena Phimuk ought to have considered carefully which nobleman should have been temporarily elected to go to the throne and waited until the prince was old enough to be king, and the the throne would be given back to him later.

Okya Sena Phimuk after listening to Chao Phraya Kalahom, he was able to sense the schemes. Then he answered that if it was necessary to choose a nobleman to become king, Chao Phraya Kalahom would be certainly elected because he was not only in the royal family, but he was also a powerful high-ranked nobleman. Thus in his opinion, Chao Phraya Kalahom was the one who should have been elected to be king; but if Chao Phraya Kalahom was elected, there would be rumor among people that Okya Sena Phimuk and Chao Phraya Kalahom participated to acquire the power unrighteously. Thus, Chao Phraya Kalahom would rule the country unhappily. On the contrary, if another nobleman was elected to be king, it was belivable that when the prince was old enough to be king, that person might have seized the throne and did not give the throne back to the prince. This would bring desertation to Ayutthaya Kings family. The other reason was that two of Ayutthaya kings were assassinated continuously, and there was a lot of fighting in the court. Therefore, the country should have been managed into peacefulness, and invited the dead kings younger brother to go to the throne. Chao Phraya Kalahom should have been the Kings regent because he was full of power and competence and could be the good consultant of the King. Moreover, the country would have been adjusted with good regulations and plans, and would have been carried on in good conditions.

Additionally, Okya Sena Phimuk said that Because Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya had passed the kingship to the right one in the royal family; Okya Sena Phimuk would have obstructed one without the right to the throne.

According to the information above, Okya Sena Phimuk became a very important person. Chao Phraya Kalahom could not do any things as he liked because he feared to approach Okya Sena Phimuk. Finally, Chao Phraya Kalahom did according to Okya Sena Phimuks suggestions, but he still tried to get rid of the new king. There were two people who obstructed Chao Phraya Kalahom: one was Okya Chakkri, and the other was Okya Sena Phimuk. Okya Chakkri was very easy to eliminate; Chao Phraya Kalahom only urged King Athitayawong that Okya Chakkri was the cause of the former kings death. Then Okya Chakkri was imprisoned, and later he was executed. The case made Okya Sena Phimuk who was Okya Chakkris old friend very irritated.

However, Chao Phraya Kalahom kept trying to eliminate Okya Sena Phimuk. When he could not eliminate him openly because Okya Sena Phimuk had a lot of followers, Chao Phraya Kalahom did it in an indirect way. He told the King to command Nokhon Si Thammarat governor to have an audience of the King in Bangkok. Chao Phraya Kalahom really knew that the governor was certainly not able to go to Bangkok because Nokhon Si Thammarat had war and was fighting against Holanda (Holland). When the governor did not come to have an audience of the King, Chao Phraya Kalahom told the King that Nokhon Si Thammarats governor was a rebel; and told the King to appoint Okya Sena phimuk to be the new governor of Nokhon Si Thammarat instead of the old one. Additionally, he asked the King to command Okya Sena Phimuk to move all the Japanese to Nokhon Si Thammarat with him in order to be honor to the new governor.

An Illustration of a procession of Japanese Volunteers

When Okya Sena Phimuk arrived in Nokhon Si Thammarat, he suppressed many leaders in the city, but he still kept the old governor as his consultant. When he managed the official affairs in the city with tidiness, he reported the situation to Krung Si Ayutthaya without knowing that Chao Phray Kalahom succeeded to the throne in the name King Prasat Thong. When King Prasat Thong knew from the report, he pretended to be pleased, and gave a girl named Chantra to be his special wife. Okya Sena Phimuk did not have a chance for the happiness; he was killed unexpectedly before seeing the girl.
According to Wanwalits chronicle about the cause of Okya Sena Phimuks death, once he moved a troop to suppress some Pattani people who became aggravated; he was shot at a leg and was seriously injured. Ok Phra Narit, King Prasat Thongs youger brother, helped put some medicine into his wound saying that it would reduce pain and made the wound recover more quickly. In contrast, the medicine that Ok Phra Narit used was a poison, and it made Okya Sena Phimuk die in 2 -3 hours after that.

Regarding the death of Okya Sena Phimuk, the cause was not known exactly what made him die. Some said that Chantra poisoned him. Some said that he was ordinarily dead. Some said that poison was put into his food, and some said that poison was put into his drinking water. The cause was mentioned confusedly.

According to his biography, Okya Sena Phimuk had one son. When he was dead, his son was 18 years old, and built up his status as the governor in stead of his father. His title was Okya Sena Phimuk, but his real name was not known because it was not mentioned in the chronicle. In a play called Moranakam khong Yamada Nagamasa (The Death of Yamada Nagamasa) by Shusuku Theruho, it was said that his name was Nagatochi and married the old governors daughter named Manee. Remarkably, Okya Sena Phimuk was dead in the age of only 40 years old in 1633 (2176 B.E.).

Plainoi, Sor. (1980). Chao Tangchart nai Prawatsat Thai (Foreigners in Thai History).
Bangkok: Bandit Kanpim.
Illustrations and captions retrieved from Internet.